Frederik Ruysch (1744) Epistola anatomica, problematica nona. Amsterdam. Plate X.
Ruysch (1638-1731) was a Dutch anatomist famous for his anatomical preparations — that is, organs and body parts preserved using wax, spirits, and other embalming materials. He kept his specific recipe and technique a secret, since he gained a good deal of commercial success with his preparations. In fact, the Russian tsar Peter the Great eventually bought Ruysch’s entire anatomical collection (or his “cabinet of curiosities”) in 1717.
This illustration depicts his method of wax injection, which he used to preserve and solidify blood vessels. Using this method, he was able to map out the lymphatic system and prove that these vessels have valves, just like blood vessels.
The Sikh religion is a reform movement that began in India around the 1480’s. As one of its central tenets, Sikhism holds that all people, regardless of gender, religious background, race, or caste are equal. As a way to symbolize and practice this, the founder of the Sikh religion, Guru Nanek Dev, founded the langar, or community kitchen. Food was to be for all, the rich would eat with the poor, and it would run, by the grace of God, on donations and volunteer labor.
Here’re some must known facts about the community kitchen at the Golden Temple:
Everyone, regardless of faith, race and background is allowed in the dining hall
Women, men and children all sit together
Before entering you must remove your shoes and wear a head scrap
A traditional meal of lentils, rice, vegetables and roti is served
Everyone must sit on the floor as equals, so all people are on the same level and nobody is above anyone else
There are two halls that can serve about 5,000 diners at a time
This photo was originally captured in 1927 at the fifth Solvay Conference, one of the most star-studded meetings of scientific minds in history. Notable attendees included Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, Marie Curie, Erwin Schrödinger, Werner Heisenberg, Wolfgang Pauli, Paul Dirac and Louis de Broglie among others. And now, it’s been beautifully colorized by redditor mygrapefruit.
You can learn more about the colorization process, and check out more of mygrapefruit’s work, over on her website.
With the passing of Neil Armstrong over the weekend, here’s a copy of the speech President Richard Nixon would have delivered had the moon landing FAILED! It’s dated July 18, 1969 and the familiar name (if you paid any attention to the Watergate scandal) H.R. Haldeman appears at the top.
Chand Baori is a famous stepwell situated in the village of Abhaneri near Jaipur in the Indian state of Rajasthan. This step well is located opposite Harshat Mata Temple, constructed in 800 c. and is one of the deepest and largest step wells in India. It was built in the 9th century and has 3500 narrow steps in 13 stories and is 100 feet deep. […] The location is seen in various feature films, such as The Fall and The Dark Knight Rises.
“I’ve just concluded, for me, personally, it is important for me to go ahead and affirm that I think same-sex couples should be able to get married,” Obama said in an interview with ABC News.
Obama, who had previously backed strong protections for gay and lesbian couples, said his position had evolved partly after talking to his two daughters Malia and Sasha who had some friends who had same-sex parents.
“It wouldn’t dawn on them that somehow their friends’ parents would be treated differently. It doesn’t make sense to them and frankly, that’s the kind of thing that prompts a change in perspective,” Obama said in the interview.
“Shakespeare is the foremost poet in the world. All of the scriptwriting books cite him as the dominant influence on Hollywood. He has had more influence on the novel than any novelist. The greater the artist, the more he or she was influenced by Shakespeare. Dickens and Keats were more inspired by Shakespeare than anybody, and their familiarity with Shakespeare seems to have made them more original, not less.”